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ET 352

- Refrigeration system with vapour jet compressor
- Cold production using heat
- Transparent condenser and evaporator


Technical Description

Unlike standard compression refrigeration systems, vapour jet refrigerating machines do not have a mechanical but a vapour jet compressor. This makes it possible to use different heat sources for cold production. Such sources could e.g. be solar energy or process waste heat.

The system includes two refrigerant circuits: one circuit is used for cold production (refrigeration cycle), the other circuit is used for the generation of motive vapour (vapour cycle). 

The vapour jet compressor compresses the refrigerant vapour and transports it to the condenser. A transparent tank with a water-cooled pipe coil serves as condenser. In the refrigeration cycle some of the condensed refrigerant flows into the evaporator connected to the intake side of the vapour jet compressor. The evaporator is a so-called flooded evaporator where a float valve keeps the filling level constant. The refrigerant absorbs the ambient heat or the heat from the heater and evaporates. The refrigerant vapour is aspirated by the vapour jet compressor and compressed again. 

In the vapour cycle a pump transports the other part of the condensate into a vapour generator. An electrically heated tank with water jacket evaporates the refrigerant. The generated refrigerant vapour drives the vapour jet compressor.

All relevant measured values, such as temperature and pressures, are measured and displayed in the experimental unit. The heater power at the evaporator is adjustable. The cooling water flow rate at the condenser is adjusted using a valve. 

The well-structured instructional material sets out the fundamentals and provides a step-by-step guide through the experiments.

Learning Objectives / Experiments

- understanding compression refrigeration systems based on the vapour jet method
- clockwise and anticlockwise Rankine cycle
- energy balances
- calculation of the coefficient of performance of the refrigeration circuit
- thermodynamic cycle in the log p-h diagram
- operating behaviour under load


[1] investigation of a vapour jet compressor
[2] refrigeration circuit with condenser, evaporator and vapour jet compressor for refrigerant
[3] vapour circuit with pump and vapour generator for operating the vapour jet compressor
[4] transparent tank with water-cooled pipe coil as condenser
[5] transparent tank with adjustable heater as evaporator
[6] flooded evaporator with float valve as expansion element
[7] vapour generator with electrically heated water jacket
[8] measurement of amperage and voltage to determine the power at the evaporator
[9] refrigerant Solkatherm SES36, CFC-free  

Technical Data

Vapour jet compressor
- dmin convergent-divergent nozzle: approx. 1,7mm
- dmin mixing jet: approx. 7mm
- tank: approx. 3,5L 
- pipe coil area: approx. 0,17m²
- tank: approx. 3,5L 
- heater power: 4x 125W
Vapour generator
- refrigerant tank: approx. 0,75L
- water jacket: approx. 9L
- heater power: 2kW
- max. flow rate: approx. 1,7L/min
- max. head: approx. 70mWS 

Measuring ranges
- current: 0...2,5A
- voltage: 0...230VAC
- temperature: 10x -20...200°C
- pressure: 2x 0...10bar / 2x -1...1,5bar
- flow rate (cooling water): 6...75g/s  

Dimensions and Weight
LxWxH: 1300x460x1200mm
Weight: approx. 170kg Required for Operation 230V, 50/60Hz, 1 phase
Water connection

Scope of Delivery

1 experimental unit
1 hose
4kg refrigerant Solkatherm SES36
1 funnel
1 set of instructional material

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